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HELICON

List of Classical Figures

Greek and Roman Deities

Greek Name

Roman Name

Description

Also Called

Gods

Apollo

Apollo

Light, youth, music, law

Phoebus Apollo, Apollon

Ares

Mars

War

Dionysus

Bacchus

Wine

Hades

Pluto

Underworld

Orcus, Dis

Hephaestus

Vulcan

Fire and the forge, blacksmith

Hermes

Mercury

Messenger of the gods

Poseidon

Neptune

The sea/waters

Zeus

Jupiter

Ruling god

Jove, Jupiter Fulgur, Fulminator,
Jupiter Tonans, Jupiter Pluvius,
Jupiter Optimus Maximus, Jupiter Fidius

Goddesses

Aphrodite

Venus

Love

Artemis

Diana

The hunt, the moon

Athena

Minerva

Wisdom

Pallas Athena

Demeter

Ceres

Corn, fertility

Hera

Juno

Wife/sister of Zeus, queen of the gods

Hestia

Vesta

Hearth; home

Minor Deities

Greek Name

Roman Name

Despription

Also Called

Aristaeus

Keeper of bees; son of Apollo and water nymph Cyrene

Asclepius

Aesculapius

Medicine

Castor and Pollux

The Heavenly Twins; boxing, wrestling, equestrian sports

Eos

Aurora

Dawn

Hemera

Eros

Cupid

Love

Amor

Ganymede

Hebe's successor as cupbearer

Hebe

Youth; cupbearer of the gods

Hecate

Dark of the moon; the crossways

Hygieia

Health

Hygea, Hygia

Iris

Rainbows

Pan

Flocks, pastures, fields, and forests; son of Hermes

Persephone

Proserpine

Death and spring;
(Unwilling) queen and bride of Pluto

Phaëthon

Son of Helios, the sun-god

Proteus

Shepherd of the deep

Tyche

Fortuna

Fortune

Titans

Name

Description

Atlas

Carries the world on his shoulders

Cronus (Roman:Saturn)

Ruler of the Titans

Hyperion

Father of sun, moon, and dawn

Iapetus

Father of Atlas and Prometheus

Mnemosyne

Memory; mother of the Muses

Ocean

River encircling the Earth

Prometheus

Savior of humankind

Tethys

Wife of Ocean

Themis

Justice

The Winds

Aeolus

King of the winds

Boreas

North Wind

Zephr

West Wind

Notus

South Wind

Eurus

East Wind

The Muses

Calliope

Epic Poetry

Clio

History

Erato

Love Poetry

Euterpe

Lyric Poetry

Melpomene

Tragedy

Polyhymnia

Songs to the Gods

Terspichore

Dance

Thalia

Comedy

Urania

Astronomy

The Graces

Aglaia

Splendor

Euphrosyne

Mirth

Thalia

Good Cheer

The Sirens

Aglaophonos or Aglaophone

=of the brilliant voice

Thelxepeia

=of the words which enchant

PeisinoŽ

=the persuasive

Molpe

=song

Erinyes (Furies)

Avengers who punish the evil

Alecto

Megaera

Tisiphone

Fates

Controllers of human destiny

Clotho

The spinner; spun the thread of life

Lachesis

The disposer of lots; assigned each person a destiny

Atropos

Cut the thread of life at death

Gorgons

Daughters of Phorcys (Phorkys), son of the Earth and the sea

Euryale

Medusa

Stheno

Nymphs

Goddesses of nature

Dryads (Hamadryads)

Forest and tree nymphs

Naiads

Spring, river, and lake nymphs

Napaeae, Alseids

Glen and grove nymphs

Nereids

Salt- and freshwater nymphs

Oceanids

Sea nymphs

Oreads

Mountain and grotto nymphs